I certainly do not advocate teaching grammar out of context. However, the esl learner must be made aware of the grammar that “native” speakers have naturally assimilated. This knowledge can bridge the gap between those who have the instinctive awareness of how their language functions, and those for whom the complexities of the language overshadow their ability to make meaning.
I have been teaching the basic level group this term. They had about 3 months or more of lessons in English before coming into my class for the 10 week programme. In such a short timeframe, it is impossible to address all their needs but I have found that there are some grammatical structures that must be addressed to enable quality writing, reading and speaking at this level to occur.
The following grammatical structures need to be addressed.
– nouns ( common, proper nouns )
– nouns ( people, place, things)
– nouns ( countable, uncountable)
-verbs (regular and irregular)
– subject verb agreement( when teaching the present tense)
– tenses (present, continuous, past)
-verbs – the structure of the infinitive ( at a very basic level in such an intensive course)
– pronouns ( possessive – addressed first because it ties in nicely to the use of nouns)
-pronouns ( subject and object)
– prepositions and prepositional phrases of place and time